Ostia Antica

The ancient Roman city of Ostia was in antiquity situated at the mouth of the river Tiber, about 30 kilometers to the west of Rome.
The shoreline moved seawards, due to silting, from the Middle Ages until the 19th century. Therefore, Ostia is today still lying next to the Tiber, but at a distance of about three kilometers from the beach. Ostia is Latin for "mouth", the mouth of the Tiber.
The river was used as harbor, but in the Imperial period, two harbor basins were added to the north, near Leonardo da Vinci airport.
The harbor district was called Portus, Latin word for "harbor".


The main route through the excavations starts at the Porta Romana and follows the Decumanus Maximus, the ancient thoroughfare from east to west. Our itinerary touches upon all five regions of the city:

  • Region I, with the Forum, the Capitolium, the Forum Baths, the temple of Rome and Augustus, the Basilica, the Macellum, shops and civic offices;
  • Region II, dominated by the Theatre and the Piazza of the Corporations, the Baths of Neptune and the Barracks of the Vigils;
  • Region III, with its warehouses, tall apartment blocks, Christian baptistery and old republican sanctuaries, in particular, the temple of Hercules;
  • Region IV, with the Schola of Trajan, the mithrea and the great center of the oriental cults known as the Campo della Magna Mater;
  • Region V, with excellent examples of industrial architecture-fullersí workshops with flourmills-together with yet more bath-houses, mithrea and private residences.

  • The visit lasts about 4 hours.

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